The NGO also launched a ‘National Movement for Livelihood Resurrection and Self Employment’ in the wake of COVID-19 crisis.
PRAHAR (Public Response Against Helplessness and Action for Redressal) has urged the Government to actively use unutilized DMF (District Mineral Foundation) funds and accelerate relief efforts towards protection of lives and livelihoods for the COVID affected communities across states. This is part of the NGO’s ‘National Movement for Livelihood Resurrection and Self Employment’ in the wake of COVID 19 crisis launched recently.
According to the data available on the Ministry of Mines website a sum of Rs. 35,925 crores have been collected in DMF funds in total as on January 31, 2020 out of which only 35% or Rs. 12,414 crores have been spent so far, leaving behind a corpus of Rs. 23510 crores to be spent.
On March 26, 2020, the Finance Minister Ms. Nirmala Sitharaman during an announcement urged DMF funds to be used to supplement and augment healthcare facilities, screening and testing requirements and any other resources that might be required by the state governments. However, after 3 weeks only negligible progress has been made with few districts making some discretionary use of these funds. This is because of lack of clarity on the modalities of use of these funds for the purpose of saving lives and resurrecting livelihoods in the aftermath of the COVID outbreak.
Some mineral states like Goa have already been under deep economic crisis because of the judicial interpretation leading to cancellation of mining leases in March 2018 by the Supreme Court. This took away livelihoods of 30% of the state’s population and brought 3 lakh mining dependents to the brink. Recently, the COVID 19 pandemic has stopped Goa’s tourism business also. On the other hand, the tourism industry is unlikely to see a revival for the next 9 to 12 months and with mining also on a standstill, the state will suffer immensely with a potential law and order situation that can follow.
Goa collected Rs. 188.65 crore in DMF Fund and Rs. 399 crores in Goa Iron Ore Permanent Fund till March 2018 when mining was operational. Out of this only 2% or Rs. 4 crore of DMF fund has been used for the welfare of people. The Finance Ministers’ announcement and subsequent attempt by state authorities to use these funds is facing irresponsible opposition. As per media reports, a high profile NGO in the state of Goa has threatened to file a petition in the Supreme Court to stay such fund utilization citing that this is against the statues of the Minerals Act and such utilization is ‘illegal’ and a ‘raid’. Such opposition on the back of the letter of the law and not the spirit of the law (the welfare objective) should be investigated for vested interests.
Speaking on the subject, Mr. Abhay Raj Mishra, National Convenor and President, PRAHAR, said, “In line with the Prime Minister’s clarion call to protect “Jaan bhi, Jahaan bhi” (lives and livelihoods), it is important to go all out to save lives and ensure economic survival of citizens at the bottom of the social pyramid during the current crisis. We need to unlock all possible resources at this hour. These include unused corpuses such as DMF funds and keeping wheels of economic activity rolling wherever permissible. Nations who come out of this pandemic with least damage will have a strong position in the new world order and India, which is in a better position, cannot make mistakes in letting this crisis take over the future of our countrymen”
According to the Minerals Act, 40% of the DMF fund can be used for ‘other priority areas’ whereas 60% should be reserved for the ‘priority areas’. This means that while 60% of the fund can be kept for communities directly working in mining activities, the remaining can be used for the wellbeing of the state. DMF corpus is particularly attractive here.
Among the mineral-bearing states, Odisha collected the highest amount as DMF (Rs 9,502 crore) followed by Jharkhand (Rs 5,181 crore) and Chhattisgarh (Rs 4,981 crore) till January 2020. Other collections are Rajasthan (Rs 3,514 crore), Madhya Pradesh (Rs 2,864 crore), Telangana (Rs 2,774 crore), Karnataka (Rs 1,842 crore), Maharashtra (Rs 1,728 crore), Andhra Pradesh (Rs 906 crore), Gujarat (Rs 668 crore), Uttar Pradesh (Rs. 651 crore), Tamil Nadu (Rs 610 crore) and Goa (Rs 189 crore). When it comes to spending of the proceeds, Chhattisgarh stands first with spending of Rs 3,359 crore till January followed by Odisha at Rs 2,794 crore and Jharkhand at Rs 2,409 crore. Even smaller states like Assam collected Rs. 80 crore, Himachal Rs. 143 crore, Meghalaya Rs. 48 crore and West Bengal Rs. 43 crore.